Robotic surgery is a form of minimally-invasive surgery (MIS) performed with the assistance of a robot extending the capabilities of the surgeon. Minimally invasive and robotic surgery allow physicians to perform major surgery with decreased patient trauma and pain, minimal scarring, faster recovery and shorter hospital stays. Surgeries are performed through small incisions, which replace the large incisions needed for conventional open surgeries.
The use of robotics takes minimally invasive techniques into a new era, further minimizing the physical and emotional impact of surgery on patients. Robotic technology takes surgery beyond the limits of the human hand by introducing precise, versatile instrument movement combined with three-dimensional visualization of the operative site. By integrating computer-enhanced technology with the surgeon’s skill, the robotic-assisted surgical technology enables surgeons to enhance healing and promote well-being by performing surgery in a manner never before experienced.
The robotic surgical system is operated by a surgeon sitting a few feet away from the patient at a surgical console. Using a high-powered camera, the surgeon is able to guide the arms of the robot. These arms hold surgical instruments which are inserted into the patient through small, keyhole-sized incisions.
The robotic surgical system has wristed instruments, which allow the surgeon to move his own hands in the same way he would in a traditional surgery, but with greater precision, extraordinary control and increased range of motion. In addition, the robot's video monitoring system provides a three-dimensional view of the surgery with magnification ten times that of the naked eye allowing surgeons the ability to see the vital structures such as nerves and blood vessels more clearly.
In the adjacent video, Drs. Shah and Laungani of Urology Specialists of Atlanta discuss prostate cancer. Both Dr. Laungani and Dr. Shah are fellowship trained in robotic surgery.